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Mandibuloacral dysplasia: A premature ageing disease with aspects of physiological ageing.

Authors

Cenni V, D'Apice MR, Garagnani P, Columbaro M, Novelli G, Franceschi C, Lattanzi G.

Journal

Ageing research reviews 42 1-13, 2017

CNR authors

CENNI, LATTANZI

Modules

Abstract

Mandibuloacral dysplasia (MAD) is a rare genetic condition characterized by bone abnormalities including localized osteolysis and generalized osteoporosis, skin pigmentation, lipodystrophic signs and mildly accelerated ageing. The molecular defects associated with MAD are mutations in LMNA or ZMPSTE24 (FACE1) gene, causing type A or type B MAD, respectively. Downstream of LMNA or ZMPSTE24 mutations, the lamin A precursor, prelamin A, is accumulated in cells and affects chromatin dynamics and stress response. A new form of mandibuloacral dysplasia has been recently associated with mutations in POLD1 gene, encoding DNA polymerase delta, a major player in DNA replication. Of note, involvement of prelamin A in chromatin dynamics and recruitment of DNA repair factors has been also determined under physiological conditions, at the border between stress response and cellular senescence. Here, we review current knowledge on MAD clinical and pathogenetic aspects and highlight aspects typical of physiological ageing.

Link to article

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1568163717301757?via%3Dihub

Keywords

Note

10.1016/j.arr.2017.12.001

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