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DNA damage response inhibition at dysfunctional telomeres by modulation of telomeric DNA damage response RNAs.

Authors

Rossiello F, Aguado J, Sepe S, Iannelli F, Nguyen Q, Pitchiaya S, Carninci P, d'Adda di Fagagna F.

Journal

Nature Communications 8 13980-, 2017

CNR authors

D'ADDA

Modules

Abstract

The DNA damage response (DDR) is a set of cellular events that follows the generation of DNA damage. Recently, site-specific small non-coding RNAs, also termed DNA damage response RNAs (DDRNAs), have been shown to play a role in DDR signalling and DNA repair. Dysfunctional telomeres activate DDR in ageing, cancer and an increasing number of identified pathological conditions. Here we show that, in mammals, telomere dysfunction induces the transcription of telomeric DDRNAs (tDDRNAs) and their longer precursors from both DNA strands. DDR activation and maintenance at telomeres depend on the biogenesis and functions of tDDRNAs. Their functional inhibition by sequence-specific antisense oligonucleotides allows the unprecedented telomere-specific DDR inactivation in cultured cells and in vivo in mouse tissues. In summary, these results demonstrate that tDDRNAs are induced at dysfunctional telomeres and are necessary for DDR activation and they validate the viability of locus-specific DDR inhibition by targeting DDRNAs.

Link to article

https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms13980

Keywords

Note

doi: 10.1038/ncomms13980

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