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Cytokine expression profile and blood parameter evaluation of patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

Autori

De Iuliis V, Dadorante V, Marino A, Griffo I, Pennelli A, Breda V, Robuffo I, Ursi S, Martinotti S, Caputi S, Toniato E.

Riferimenti

Journal of biological regulators and homeostatic agents 31(4) 1109-1113, 2017

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Abstract

Cardiac surgery is accompanied by an important immune response that is poorly understood. This inflammatory response is caused by several stimuli: surgical trauma, cardiopulmonary bypass apparatus, aortic-cross clamping, reperfusion injury and hypothermia. The aim of the present study is to investigate the cytokine level profile involved in the inflammatory pathway of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. One hundred and two patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery utilizing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) apparatus were enrolled in the study. In the hematological and biochemical profiles investigated, we observed a significant increase of WBC and blood glucose concentration and a strong decrease of RBC, HB, HCT and PLT 24 h post-surgery compared to baseline and immediately after surgery groups. Furthermore, we found a modulation of cytokine levels mostly for IL-10 and an increase of IL-6, detected at 6 h post-surgery, IL-8 at 6 and 24 h, and TNFalfa only at 24 h post-surgery. In conclusion, these findings evidence a time course profile on cytokine levels and a balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine activation during and after cardiac surgery. In fact, IL-6 and IL-10, a pro- and an anti-inflammatory cytokine, respectively, increased immediately after surgery. The plasma level of TNF-alfa could be inhibited by the high concentration of IL-10 up to 6 h post-surgery. An IL-10 reduction at baseline level, after 24 h post-surgery, could explain a rise of TNF-alfa plasma concentration. On the other hand, considering the dual role of IL-6 on inflammation acting both as an activator of inflammatory cascade or an anti-inflammatory agent, the increased IL-6 levels 24 h after surgery could be related to the negative feedback action on TNFalfa activity.

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