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Mast cell in innate immunity mediated by proinflammatory and antiinflammatory IL-1 family members.

Autori

Robuffo I, Toniato E, Tettamanti L, Mastrangelo F, Ronconi G, Frydas I, Caraffa A, Kritas SK, Conti P.

Riferimenti

Journal of biological regulators and homeostatic agents 31(4) 837-842, 2017

Autori CNR

ROBUFFo

Moduli

Abstract

nnate immunity consists of physical and chemical barriers which provide the early defense against infections. Innate immunity orchestrates the defense of the host with cellular and biochemical proteins. Mast cells (MCs) are involved in innate and adaptive immunity and are the first line of defense which generates multiple inflammatory cytokines/chemokines in response to numerous antigens. MC-activated antigen receptor Fc-RI provokes a number of important biochemical pathways with secretion of numerous vasoactive, chemoattractant and inflammatory compounds which participate in allergic and inflammatory diseases. MCs can also be activated by Th1 cytokines and generate pre-formed and de novo inflammatory mediators, including TNF. IL-37 is an anti-inflammatory cytokine which binds IL-18R-alpha chain and reduces the production of inflammatory IL-1 family members. IL-37 down-regulates innate immunity by inhibiting macrophage response and its accumulation and reduces the cytokines that mediate inflammatory diseases. Here, we discuss the relationship between MCs, innate immunity, and pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines.

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